The Human Truth Foundation

God and Pronouns: God has No Gender

By Vexen Crabtree 2008

#gender #god #new_age #properties_of_god #religion #theism #theology #wicca

Nearly all monotheistic religions refer to God as a "He", as a male father-figure. This is because the creators of those religions were themselves all male1. Modern new religions and movements such as Wicca and the New Age do not fall into the same patriarchal trap. The gender of god, or the determination of which gendered pronoun we should use, is one of the major illogical assumptions about God that people frequently make. God has no gender. It does not reproduce. It makes no sense biologically, sexually or culturally to call the creator of all genders and species by the particular gender of a particular species. He and She are appropriate pronouns for species with two sexes, not for the God of the Universe. We have no right to assume to call God by any gender based on the characteristics of human roles. God is not a "He" or a "She", but an It.

1. Arguments That God Has No Gender

2. Religions and Beliefs With a Gender-Neutral Divinity

#christianity #eckankar #gender #god #judaism #new_age #properties_of_god #religion #sikhism #theism #theology #wicca

You have to look quite hard to find theistic religions that had the foresight not to give their own gods one of the same genders as we animals have on Earth. In Sikhism God is neither male nor female, and not referred to by a gender2. And in Africa, the Yuruba belief system's supreme god is Naña Buluku3, who is often considered androgynous4.

But aside from those, it is not popular at all amongst traditional religionists to use gender-neutral language, because most religion has been patriarchal. But many New Religious Movements and some other obscure corners of Human spirituality buck this trend. In the New Age religion of Eckankar their sacred name for God is Sugmad, which they stress "is neither masculine nor feminine"5. The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (an occult magical group founded towards the end of the 19th century) recognized the divine as having feminine aspects as well as male6. Kabbalists (Jewish mystics and occultists who indulge in the Kabbalah/Qabbala) teach that "En Sof was neither male nor female. It was an 'It' that became a 'Thou' to the mystic at the end of the process of emanation"7 - the Sephiroth's ten components of God consist of male and female parts, creating united intelligences8.Divinity in Wicca is seen as both male and female (typically as the Horned God and Mother Goddess9), as are the general forces of nature which emanate from the male and female principal10,11, and these two sides complement one another12,13.

The Jewish duality of male and female in the divine was almost completely removed in later Christian versions of Biblical texts.

The word Elohim is a plural formed from the feminine singular ALH, Eloh, by adding IM to the word. But inasmuch as IM is usually the termination of the masculine plural, and is here added to a feminine noun, it gives to the word Elohim the sense of a female potency united to a masculine idea, and thereby capable of producing an offspring. [...] In the Kabbalah we find that the Ancient of Days conforms himself simultaneously into the Father and the Mother. [...]

Mr. Mathers14 says...: 'The translators of the Bible have carefully crowded out of existence and smothered up every reference to the fact that the Deity is both masculine and feminine. They have translated a feminine plural by a masculine singular in the case of the word Elohim. They have, however, left an inadvertent admission of their knowledge that it was plural in Genesis iv., 26: 'And Elohim said: Let US make man.'

"The Woman's Bible" by Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1898)8